Amazing Missing Civilizations

Amazing Missing Civilizations

10 Aug2018

There are several reasons for the imagination and desertification of a city, including war, natural disasters, climatic conditions, and the loss of business partners. But the real fact is that these cities have disappeared over time and the memory of forgetfulness has been eradicated for centuries in the minds of men, though eventually each of them has been re-discovered after a while and brought attention again to itself. Attracted Carthage Civilization Located in today's Tunisia, it was founded by the Fijian tribes and was the center of the Carthage Empire in ancient times. It has become the main power in the Mediterranean during its time, and remained at least 3000 years old. Because of the rivalry with the Syracuse (the region of ancient Greece) and Rome, there were numerous wars between them that were raped with each other. Hannibal's mighty attack on Italy in that period may well be the most striking battle. But eventually Carthage was destroyed by the Roman army in 146 BC. The Romans moved home before they burnt the city, killing, looting and capturing people. Later, the Romans established the city again and made it one of the most important and largest cities in the Roman Empire. Years passed until this city was re-destroyed for the second time in 698 BC and this time during the Muslim conquests. Ciudad Prededa​ Ciudad Prededa, a Spanish city meaning missing city, is a historic city in Sierra Nevada, Colombia, which was believed to be 800 years BC. The city was lost in a series of terraces that were excavated in the mountains, a network of paved roads, and a series of small circular fields. The members of the local tribes called the city Tuna and believe that the city is the heart of a village that once inhabited its ancestors, the Tairona people. Apparently this city was abandoned during the Spanish War and conquests. Ciudad Pardid was discovered in 1972 by a group of treasure discoverers. Troy Troy is a legendary city in the northwestern part of Turkey today. The city played an important role in the epic of the Greek poet Homer, Iliad. According to Iliad's legend, this city is where the Trojan War occurred. Today, the remains of this historic city have been discovered and have become a myth to reality. Archaeological excavations show that the troy contains several layers destroyed. The Troy layer VIIa probably belongs to the same Troyes city of Homer in the Iliad whose construction dates back to the mid-13th century BCE. Skara Brae The city, located on the main island of Yorkshire (the Yorkshire islands in northern Scotland), is one of the best rocky villages in the continent of Europe. The city was sandwiched for hundreds of years, until the great storm eventually landed in 1850. Its stone walls are very good because apparently the residential houses are filled with sand as soon as they leave the town. Because the island has no tree cover, all of the furniture is made of stone, and as a result, they have been left out of the grip of the destructive effects of the passage of time. Scarrabi was inhabited from 3180 to 2500 BC, but after climate change that caused the region to become too cold and humid, residents were forced to leave their homes. Memphis Memphis is a city founded about 3100 BC. This legendary city was founded by Menes, a king who united the Upper and Lower Egypt. Prior to that, Memphis was more like a military fortress, where men from there monitored the water and land between Upper Egypt and the Nile Delta. During the third dynasty of the kingdom, Sakara (the largest Egyptian burial ground near Memphis) has grown considerably and has been amazed by its marvelous Pyramids. Memphis in this respect equaled Nubia, Asirias, Persia and Macedonia, under Alexander the Great. This point was regarded as a religious center so much that, with the advent of Christianity, Islam was reduced to glory and glory, and was abandoned after Muslims captured Egypt in 640 AD. One of the ruins left in Memphis is the Ptah Temple, as well as the royal palaces of the Pharaohs and the great statue of Ramses II. Near the city are Sakhar Pyramids. Karal The city, one of the oldest missing cities in the Americas, was located in the Peru valley (Supe) in Peru. Karal lived between 2600 and 2000 BC and had more than 3,000 inhabitants. It is one of the largest cities of the Norte Chico civilization. The caral was made up of a central and wide public area, with 6 large embankments around it. All the missing cities in the Soup Valley have similarities, although other cities have smaller platforms with rocky gates. With this description, perhaps the centerpiece of this civilization has been a brilliant karal. Apparently, the people living in this city were peaceful because there were no signs of military equipment or military fortifications. Babylon Babylon, the capital and center of the Babylonian Empire, was one of the largest ancient empires built along the Euphrates River. During the chaos of 1180 BC, the city went into decline, but in the aftermath of the great reliefs of the Assyrian Empire, it once again passed the path of growth and flourished in the 9th century BC. The bright colors and the luxury of Babylonia are related to the period that Nebuchadnezzar, the so-called Bakhtel-Nasser, ruled. He was the one who ordered the creation of famous hanging gardens, which are considered one of the wonders of ancient times. Today, all that remains of this ancient city is a set of broken brick buildings and rubble erupting in the vast and fertile plain of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq. Taxila The city, located in the northwestern part of Pakistan and in the Punjab area, is one of the ancient cities annexed to Iranian soil by the great king of Iran, Dariush Kabir, in 518 BC. In 326 BC, the city was surrounded by Alexander the Great. He was dominated by successive conquerors and became one of the largest centers of Buddhism. Thomas was one of the prominent Christian characters in the first century AD. The major success of this ancient city was largely due to its location, as the city was the site of the three most important trade routes of that era. As it went down, the city lost its attractiveness and popularity, and was eventually destroyed by the people of Hun in the fifth century. Sukhothai Sokotai is one of the oldest and most important historical cities in Thailand. Originally a state-owned city near Angkor and the Khmer Empire, it won its independence in the 13th century and was recognized as the center of the first independent state and unit of Thailand. It is said to have an ancient city of 80,000 inhabitants. After 1351, when Ayutthaya was first established as the first powerful capital of the Thai dynasty, Sukhothai lost its credibility and significance, collapsing in 1438 and annexing the territory of Utah. In the late 15th and early 16th centuries, the city was abandoned and its golden age forever. Timgad It is one of the Roman colonial towns located in Algeria and founded by the Roman emperor Trajian in 100 BC. Timhad, originally planned for a population of about 15,000, grew rapidly. Timdud is based on the principles of Roman architecture and is one of the best examples of it. In the 5th century, the city was destroyed by the Vandals (the eastern German tribes), and two centuries later the barbarians overthrew it. Following this, Tigamad was cleansed from the history page and joined the other Roman cities of the lost city, so that in 1881 its remains were discovered. Mohenjo-Daro Founded around 2600 BC, the city is one of the oldest urban areas in the world. This city is sometimes referred to as a metropolis. The city's design is based on a network of streets stretching along a regular pattern. It is estimated that the city has about 35,000 inhabitants. The architecture of its buildings is particularly prestigious, with a variety of materials, such as wood burnt wood and bricks made of flowers that are completely dry in the sunshine. Moon Judmore and the civilization of the Indus valley were erased around 1700 BC without any statistics from the history page. The city was re-discovered in the 1920s. Big zimbabwe The large Zimbabwe is basically a collection of rock wreckage spread throughout the vast area of ​​Zimbabwe, a country that has taken its name from these ruins. The great word is the mention of the extent of its location and the hundreds of small ruins known as Zimbabwe and spread throughout the country. These buildings were built by the indigenous people of Bantu, and their construction dates back to the eleventh century. These buildings last for over 300 years. It is estimated that during the peak and flourishing days, Zimbabwe has had more than 18,000 inhabitants. Due to the lack of water resources due to climate change, as well as the famine that followed the residents and the unstable political situation, the residents were forced to leave, and thus the golden age was over. Hatra Hatra or al-Hadr was a mighty and large city that was under the influence of the Iranian Empire and was the capital of the first Arab territory. The city was repeatedly attacked by the Romans, but it did not give up thanks to its tall walls and its reinforced fortifications. The Hatter was captured by the Emperor Sassanid Shapur I in 241 BC. The ruins of Hatter in today's Iraq, especially the Hellenistic temple and its Roman architecture, blended with the ornamentation of the city, are the hallmark of the magnificence and magnitude of the city during its golden age.

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The world's greatest lost treasure

The world's greatest lost treasure

10 Aug2018

In the history of many events, the search for its causes is today one of the concerns of scholars and historians of interest. The discovery of the mystery of disappearance and the search for treasure and the great wealth of the kings is one of the most fascinating parts of history. Spanish treasure A pirate named Red Beast, during two years of piracy in the years 1716 to 1718, saved a lot of money. In these years, everyone believed that a country had more power to have more gold. The Spaniards excelled in this matter. They extracted the jewels in large ships to Spain with mining in South America. This pirate and my colleagues patiently !! They were busy patrolling the sea to find Spanish ships and then quickly plundered the ship. An important point was that the pirate always buried the jewels somewhere. This pirate was finally arrested in 1718, and when he died, it was not clear what the treasure was or what came to pass. The ship of this burglar was later sunken. For a long time several people have been searching for treasure. Even in 1998, the ship was taken out of the water, but not even a sign of treasure. The researchers speculate that the treasure was buried in the Caribbean, the Gulf of Verginia, or the caves of the Cayman Island. Peruvian wealth In 1820, the city of Lima was subjected to a major uprising in Peru. For this purpose, Peruvian rulers decided to transfer jewelry in the city to stay away from the theft to Mexico. Treasures consisted of large quantities of jewels in stone, candlesticks of gold, the statue of Mary in gold, and many other vessels. This treasure filled the eleven ships completely. William Thompson was in charge of ship and carrying this huge treasure to Mexico. But unaware that there were pirates among the ship's companions and workers. After the theft, the thieves decided to take the jewelry to the island of Coca-cola in the Indian Ocean and keep it there until the water fell from the mill. Thompson, the commander of the ship, who was already involved with thieves, goes to the island with thieves. But the Mexican Army entered the island in pursuit of them. For this reason, the pirates fled to the massive forests. Since then, no other information is available on this treasure. So far, three hundred groups have been searching for this treasure, but they have not succeeded. Therefore, some claim that the pirates buried the treasure on another island and then arrived there. Buried in flowers In 1520, the Spaniards, with the whipping of all the ancient Aztec civilization, were abandoned as the city was completely surrounded by the Spanish army, the Artem commander (Zuma) continued to fight until he was severely injured. For this reason, the defending soldiers They decided to collect jewelry in their ears and get away from the city at the right time and bring them jewelry. But the arrival of the Spaniards in the city and the massacre of the people caused them to hurried all the jewels to the bottom of the Lake Tsukou. Dishes of silver and gold and stones were abundantly stored in the city, but they all were poured into the lake, so that it would be possible to return there once and get them back. But no one survived, and those who managed to escape could no longer return to the city. Today, this huge treasure is hidden after five centuries intact among the mud of the lake. In recent years, much effort has been made to achieve these jewelry. Even one of the Mexican presidents has given orders to the lake, but the action was taken aback. Pharaoh's treasure When Howard Carter found in 1922 the place of the burial of the Egyptian pharaoh in the name of the tomb of Hamchat Khatun. Surprised by the artwork in his grave. Alongside his grave, he held a jewelery store that was completely empty. Later, Carter also found the catalog of jewelry available. For this reason, his treasure was forgotten. It was strange to Carter who and how they stole it. Because the path to the tomb was incredibly complicated and finding the way out of the understanding of ordinary human beings. Moreover, they could not afford all this wealth to escape, and so they could have buried again in the same area. The researchers concluded that those who built the landfill site and the jewels thereupon, in the same years, 343-425 BC, have taken out treasures, but so far no one has been able to find this treasure. But researchers believe that this treasure will eventually reveal itself to the sun. Amber Room Lost But the loss of Amber Room is probably one of the strangest pieces of jewelry in history. This eleven-square-meter room was completely decorated with amber walls and all kinds of jewelry as well as unique artwork. It was built in 1716 for Prince Frederic, and was located near the Palace of Catherine in St. Petersburg, Russia. When it attacked Russia, Hitler tried to move the room to Germany, but all the walls of the room went into crushing, and so tried to keep the wall paper from falling, but it was useless. But from 1941 to 1945, nobody knew about this room, and after the end of the war, nobody noticed this room or its signs. Is this room buried in a basement town? Have you burned it? Anyway, until today there is no new news. But fortunately, there is a reconstructed version of it today at the Palace of Catherine. The room, if any, was worth 142 $ million today.

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The discovery of the ancient Maya City; hidden in the rainforest of Guatemala

The discovery of the ancient Maya City; hidden in the rainforest of Guatemala

10 Aug2018

Using modern aerial mapping technology, scientists have found for the first time the remains of Maya civilizations in the densely populated forests of the Peten area of ​​Guatemala in the remains of houses, buildings, pyramids and fortresses. The mapping covers an area of ​​2100 square kilometers, and the discovered works include the remnants of tens of thousands of monuments, a discovery in which millions of people lived in the ancient times. During these discoveries, the remains of agricultural land and irrigation canals were also identified. The exploration of this ancient region was jointly launched by archaeologists from the United States, the European Union and Guatemala, and the announcement was announced on Thursday. According to studies conducted on this ancient site, it is believed that in the past, about 10 million people lived in this area. Marcello A Conoto, professor of anthropology at the University of Toulon, says: "This population is two to three times as high as previously estimated." The researchers used the mapping technology called "Lidar" in the project. In this method, light laser pulses are sent to the ground, which in this case especially led to the discovery of a vast area under the dense forest cover. The images depicted in this way from the Mayan settlement indicate that the lands cultivated by this people are much wider than previously thought, so that in some areas 95% of the land in Serving agricultural activities. According to Professor Marcello A konotou, the Mayans seemed to have used every inch of land for farming in ancient times. Widespread defensive fences and gully and extensive irrigation canals also represent highly organized activities in the distant past. The Mayans lived in the area between 1000 BC and 900 BC, and a small minority of the remaining generations still live in the area. In the discovered collection, there are about 60,000 unique foundations, including Maya halls, squares, and pyramids. According to scientists, unlike other ancient civilizations, whose works, including buildings and roads and roads, have gradually disappeared, the lush forest cover of the area has hid well structures and other works of Mayan civilization.

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The ancient city of Petra

The ancient city of Petra

10 Aug2018

The city of Petra or in Arabic, Alborta, is a wonderful city in Jordan, which in the past was the capital of the kingdom of the Nabats, which the Nabcans played in the formation of the Arabic script, and this line was later imitated by Iranians. Petra is 262 km from Oman, the capital of Jordan, and in the west there is a road between Oman and the port of Aqaba. The city has many wonders and wonders that have always been of interest to archaeologists and experts, and we continue to mention these wonders and wonders. The city was discovered in 1812 by a Swiss tourist named John Loderick, and has since attracted many people and has always been one of the seven wonders of the world, which still has a mysterious mystery. In the history of the people of the Jordanian people, there is a belief that the goblins helped build humans. In order to reach this amazing city, you have to cross the valleys and passageways where scientists created the cracks and seams. Earthquake. In the area of ​​Petra, there are ancient inscriptions, hundreds of halls and tombs, and even burial places, indicating that there was a widespread livelihood in that area. It has come to the fore that the city was very important for its presence on the Silk Road, and in addition to the rejection of the cities mentioned above as the connecting point of countries such as China, India, Greece and Syria Was known. In the historical material of Cambyses, Cyrus son, after his father's death, called himself the "Great King of the World," and invaded Egypt in order to conquer the city during the passage of the Jordanian desert. For some time, the city of Petra was in the hands of Iranians. The title of the center was the ancient artifacts of the world, and another time Khosrow, the king of Iran during the invasion of Rome captured this city, with this once again added the city to the government and the land of Iran, so in history, twice this city Captured by Iranians.

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Discovery of two thousand years old camel in the mountains of Arabia

Discovery of two thousand years old camel in the mountains of Arabia

10 Aug2018

Archaeologists in the central desert of Saudi Arabia discovered real-life camel carvings. Some of these embroidery pillars dating to two thousand years are dating. A group of French and Saudi archeologists in a region in the northwestern province of Govef, named "camels site", faced roles that were assessed both in terms of size and in terms of unprecedented quality. They say it's the first time that ancient carved robes of animals such as camels and horses are seen in real dimensions. On the other hand, the role of camel in other archeology of Saudi Arabia has been much seen, but this is the first time its carvings are observed. Researchers found the first signs of the existence of this ancient site in 2016 and 2017, they believe that the inhabitants of this region follow the ritual to have been private and have created a pattern for some kind of worship. They also believe that this worship is in vain, because the place where the robes are found is located in a distant place. Archaeologists say the Arabs are likely to take the rocky tradition from the Nabets and the Parthians. The ancient Nabatian people lived in some parts of Jordan and Palestine about two thousand years ago, and at that time they had a great influence on the lands around them. Another hypothesis of the scientists is that a group of Nabatians settled around the current Jaffa and carved these motifs on their rocks over their caravans.

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The discovery of human structures related to 176 thousand years ago

The discovery of human structures related to 176 thousand years ago

10 Aug2018

Unbelievable discovery, may question all that we knew about ancient humankind. The Brinkille Cave in the southwest of France was discovered in 1990. Around 336 meters from the entrance to this cave, and in its largest room, about 400 stalagmites, which are purposefully arranged, have been found. Stalagmite or abstract is a column of minerals from the bottom of the cave. The abstract underneath the name comes from the name of the abuser, and these two overlap with time and form a single pillar. The abstracts are found in two loops, one ellipse 4 in 7 meters and the other in a circle with a diameter of 2 meters. The rings, reaching a maximum height of 30 centimeters, have been retained in abstracts in the role of anchor and vertically. From the cavern floor slabs, there are signs of burns. Black and red surfaces that have been cracked by heat, and traces of burnt bone have also been found. After 26 years of discovering this cave, scientists now have new information on human civilization through this new find. In a study published last month in Nature, the age of these man-made structures was estimated to be 17,6500 years, by which account these pillars and circles are among the discovered works of the first man-made structures. According to the discoveries of scientists, these structures are related to Neanderthal man's time. The history of these complex structures suggests that this ancient community has been showing signs of modernity much earlier than scientists have imagined. Although these buildings are thought to have been used to carry out religious or symbolic ceremonies, the actual use of these structures remains unclear. These structures represent the level of organized socialization and the use of fire, which transcends our past understanding of human abilities at that time.

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