Amazing Missing Civilizations

Amazing Missing Civilizations

10 Aug2018

There are several reasons for the imagination and desertification of a city, including war, natural disasters, climatic conditions, and the loss of business partners. But the real fact is that these cities have disappeared over time and the memory of forgetfulness has been eradicated for centuries in the minds of men, though eventually each of them has been re-discovered after a while and brought attention again to itself. Attracted Carthage Civilization Located in today's Tunisia, it was founded by the Fijian tribes and was the center of the Carthage Empire in ancient times. It has become the main power in the Mediterranean during its time, and remained at least 3000 years old. Because of the rivalry with the Syracuse (the region of ancient Greece) and Rome, there were numerous wars between them that were raped with each other. Hannibal's mighty attack on Italy in that period may well be the most striking battle. But eventually Carthage was destroyed by the Roman army in 146 BC. The Romans moved home before they burnt the city, killing, looting and capturing people. Later, the Romans established the city again and made it one of the most important and largest cities in the Roman Empire. Years passed until this city was re-destroyed for the second time in 698 BC and this time during the Muslim conquests. Ciudad Prededa​ Ciudad Prededa, a Spanish city meaning missing city, is a historic city in Sierra Nevada, Colombia, which was believed to be 800 years BC. The city was lost in a series of terraces that were excavated in the mountains, a network of paved roads, and a series of small circular fields. The members of the local tribes called the city Tuna and believe that the city is the heart of a village that once inhabited its ancestors, the Tairona people. Apparently this city was abandoned during the Spanish War and conquests. Ciudad Pardid was discovered in 1972 by a group of treasure discoverers. Troy Troy is a legendary city in the northwestern part of Turkey today. The city played an important role in the epic of the Greek poet Homer, Iliad. According to Iliad's legend, this city is where the Trojan War occurred. Today, the remains of this historic city have been discovered and have become a myth to reality. Archaeological excavations show that the troy contains several layers destroyed. The Troy layer VIIa probably belongs to the same Troyes city of Homer in the Iliad whose construction dates back to the mid-13th century BCE. Skara Brae The city, located on the main island of Yorkshire (the Yorkshire islands in northern Scotland), is one of the best rocky villages in the continent of Europe. The city was sandwiched for hundreds of years, until the great storm eventually landed in 1850. Its stone walls are very good because apparently the residential houses are filled with sand as soon as they leave the town. Because the island has no tree cover, all of the furniture is made of stone, and as a result, they have been left out of the grip of the destructive effects of the passage of time. Scarrabi was inhabited from 3180 to 2500 BC, but after climate change that caused the region to become too cold and humid, residents were forced to leave their homes. Memphis Memphis is a city founded about 3100 BC. This legendary city was founded by Menes, a king who united the Upper and Lower Egypt. Prior to that, Memphis was more like a military fortress, where men from there monitored the water and land between Upper Egypt and the Nile Delta. During the third dynasty of the kingdom, Sakara (the largest Egyptian burial ground near Memphis) has grown considerably and has been amazed by its marvelous Pyramids. Memphis in this respect equaled Nubia, Asirias, Persia and Macedonia, under Alexander the Great. This point was regarded as a religious center so much that, with the advent of Christianity, Islam was reduced to glory and glory, and was abandoned after Muslims captured Egypt in 640 AD. One of the ruins left in Memphis is the Ptah Temple, as well as the royal palaces of the Pharaohs and the great statue of Ramses II. Near the city are Sakhar Pyramids. Karal The city, one of the oldest missing cities in the Americas, was located in the Peru valley (Supe) in Peru. Karal lived between 2600 and 2000 BC and had more than 3,000 inhabitants. It is one of the largest cities of the Norte Chico civilization. The caral was made up of a central and wide public area, with 6 large embankments around it. All the missing cities in the Soup Valley have similarities, although other cities have smaller platforms with rocky gates. With this description, perhaps the centerpiece of this civilization has been a brilliant karal. Apparently, the people living in this city were peaceful because there were no signs of military equipment or military fortifications. Babylon Babylon, the capital and center of the Babylonian Empire, was one of the largest ancient empires built along the Euphrates River. During the chaos of 1180 BC, the city went into decline, but in the aftermath of the great reliefs of the Assyrian Empire, it once again passed the path of growth and flourished in the 9th century BC. The bright colors and the luxury of Babylonia are related to the period that Nebuchadnezzar, the so-called Bakhtel-Nasser, ruled. He was the one who ordered the creation of famous hanging gardens, which are considered one of the wonders of ancient times. Today, all that remains of this ancient city is a set of broken brick buildings and rubble erupting in the vast and fertile plain of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq. Taxila The city, located in the northwestern part of Pakistan and in the Punjab area, is one of the ancient cities annexed to Iranian soil by the great king of Iran, Dariush Kabir, in 518 BC. In 326 BC, the city was surrounded by Alexander the Great. He was dominated by successive conquerors and became one of the largest centers of Buddhism. Thomas was one of the prominent Christian characters in the first century AD. The major success of this ancient city was largely due to its location, as the city was the site of the three most important trade routes of that era. As it went down, the city lost its attractiveness and popularity, and was eventually destroyed by the people of Hun in the fifth century. Sukhothai Sokotai is one of the oldest and most important historical cities in Thailand. Originally a state-owned city near Angkor and the Khmer Empire, it won its independence in the 13th century and was recognized as the center of the first independent state and unit of Thailand. It is said to have an ancient city of 80,000 inhabitants. After 1351, when Ayutthaya was first established as the first powerful capital of the Thai dynasty, Sukhothai lost its credibility and significance, collapsing in 1438 and annexing the territory of Utah. In the late 15th and early 16th centuries, the city was abandoned and its golden age forever. Timgad It is one of the Roman colonial towns located in Algeria and founded by the Roman emperor Trajian in 100 BC. Timhad, originally planned for a population of about 15,000, grew rapidly. Timdud is based on the principles of Roman architecture and is one of the best examples of it. In the 5th century, the city was destroyed by the Vandals (the eastern German tribes), and two centuries later the barbarians overthrew it. Following this, Tigamad was cleansed from the history page and joined the other Roman cities of the lost city, so that in 1881 its remains were discovered. Mohenjo-Daro Founded around 2600 BC, the city is one of the oldest urban areas in the world. This city is sometimes referred to as a metropolis. The city's design is based on a network of streets stretching along a regular pattern. It is estimated that the city has about 35,000 inhabitants. The architecture of its buildings is particularly prestigious, with a variety of materials, such as wood burnt wood and bricks made of flowers that are completely dry in the sunshine. Moon Judmore and the civilization of the Indus valley were erased around 1700 BC without any statistics from the history page. The city was re-discovered in the 1920s. Big zimbabwe The large Zimbabwe is basically a collection of rock wreckage spread throughout the vast area of ​​Zimbabwe, a country that has taken its name from these ruins. The great word is the mention of the extent of its location and the hundreds of small ruins known as Zimbabwe and spread throughout the country. These buildings were built by the indigenous people of Bantu, and their construction dates back to the eleventh century. These buildings last for over 300 years. It is estimated that during the peak and flourishing days, Zimbabwe has had more than 18,000 inhabitants. Due to the lack of water resources due to climate change, as well as the famine that followed the residents and the unstable political situation, the residents were forced to leave, and thus the golden age was over. Hatra Hatra or al-Hadr was a mighty and large city that was under the influence of the Iranian Empire and was the capital of the first Arab territory. The city was repeatedly attacked by the Romans, but it did not give up thanks to its tall walls and its reinforced fortifications. The Hatter was captured by the Emperor Sassanid Shapur I in 241 BC. The ruins of Hatter in today's Iraq, especially the Hellenistic temple and its Roman architecture, blended with the ornamentation of the city, are the hallmark of the magnificence and magnitude of the city during its golden age.

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The world's greatest lost treasure

The world's greatest lost treasure

10 Aug2018

In the history of many events, the search for its causes is today one of the concerns of scholars and historians of interest. The discovery of the mystery of disappearance and the search for treasure and the great wealth of the kings is one of the most fascinating parts of history. Spanish treasure A pirate named Red Beast, during two years of piracy in the years 1716 to 1718, saved a lot of money. In these years, everyone believed that a country had more power to have more gold. The Spaniards excelled in this matter. They extracted the jewels in large ships to Spain with mining in South America. This pirate and my colleagues patiently !! They were busy patrolling the sea to find Spanish ships and then quickly plundered the ship. An important point was that the pirate always buried the jewels somewhere. This pirate was finally arrested in 1718, and when he died, it was not clear what the treasure was or what came to pass. The ship of this burglar was later sunken. For a long time several people have been searching for treasure. Even in 1998, the ship was taken out of the water, but not even a sign of treasure. The researchers speculate that the treasure was buried in the Caribbean, the Gulf of Verginia, or the caves of the Cayman Island. Peruvian wealth In 1820, the city of Lima was subjected to a major uprising in Peru. For this purpose, Peruvian rulers decided to transfer jewelry in the city to stay away from the theft to Mexico. Treasures consisted of large quantities of jewels in stone, candlesticks of gold, the statue of Mary in gold, and many other vessels. This treasure filled the eleven ships completely. William Thompson was in charge of ship and carrying this huge treasure to Mexico. But unaware that there were pirates among the ship's companions and workers. After the theft, the thieves decided to take the jewelry to the island of Coca-cola in the Indian Ocean and keep it there until the water fell from the mill. Thompson, the commander of the ship, who was already involved with thieves, goes to the island with thieves. But the Mexican Army entered the island in pursuit of them. For this reason, the pirates fled to the massive forests. Since then, no other information is available on this treasure. So far, three hundred groups have been searching for this treasure, but they have not succeeded. Therefore, some claim that the pirates buried the treasure on another island and then arrived there. Buried in flowers In 1520, the Spaniards, with the whipping of all the ancient Aztec civilization, were abandoned as the city was completely surrounded by the Spanish army, the Artem commander (Zuma) continued to fight until he was severely injured. For this reason, the defending soldiers They decided to collect jewelry in their ears and get away from the city at the right time and bring them jewelry. But the arrival of the Spaniards in the city and the massacre of the people caused them to hurried all the jewels to the bottom of the Lake Tsukou. Dishes of silver and gold and stones were abundantly stored in the city, but they all were poured into the lake, so that it would be possible to return there once and get them back. But no one survived, and those who managed to escape could no longer return to the city. Today, this huge treasure is hidden after five centuries intact among the mud of the lake. In recent years, much effort has been made to achieve these jewelry. Even one of the Mexican presidents has given orders to the lake, but the action was taken aback. Pharaoh's treasure When Howard Carter found in 1922 the place of the burial of the Egyptian pharaoh in the name of the tomb of Hamchat Khatun. Surprised by the artwork in his grave. Alongside his grave, he held a jewelery store that was completely empty. Later, Carter also found the catalog of jewelry available. For this reason, his treasure was forgotten. It was strange to Carter who and how they stole it. Because the path to the tomb was incredibly complicated and finding the way out of the understanding of ordinary human beings. Moreover, they could not afford all this wealth to escape, and so they could have buried again in the same area. The researchers concluded that those who built the landfill site and the jewels thereupon, in the same years, 343-425 BC, have taken out treasures, but so far no one has been able to find this treasure. But researchers believe that this treasure will eventually reveal itself to the sun. Amber Room Lost But the loss of Amber Room is probably one of the strangest pieces of jewelry in history. This eleven-square-meter room was completely decorated with amber walls and all kinds of jewelry as well as unique artwork. It was built in 1716 for Prince Frederic, and was located near the Palace of Catherine in St. Petersburg, Russia. When it attacked Russia, Hitler tried to move the room to Germany, but all the walls of the room went into crushing, and so tried to keep the wall paper from falling, but it was useless. But from 1941 to 1945, nobody knew about this room, and after the end of the war, nobody noticed this room or its signs. Is this room buried in a basement town? Have you burned it? Anyway, until today there is no new news. But fortunately, there is a reconstructed version of it today at the Palace of Catherine. The room, if any, was worth 142 $ million today.

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The discovery of the ancient Maya City; hidden in the rainforest of Guatemala

The discovery of the ancient Maya City; hidden in the rainforest of Guatemala

10 Aug2018

Using modern aerial mapping technology, scientists have found for the first time the remains of Maya civilizations in the densely populated forests of the Peten area of ​​Guatemala in the remains of houses, buildings, pyramids and fortresses. The mapping covers an area of ​​2100 square kilometers, and the discovered works include the remnants of tens of thousands of monuments, a discovery in which millions of people lived in the ancient times. During these discoveries, the remains of agricultural land and irrigation canals were also identified. The exploration of this ancient region was jointly launched by archaeologists from the United States, the European Union and Guatemala, and the announcement was announced on Thursday. According to studies conducted on this ancient site, it is believed that in the past, about 10 million people lived in this area. Marcello A Conoto, professor of anthropology at the University of Toulon, says: "This population is two to three times as high as previously estimated." The researchers used the mapping technology called "Lidar" in the project. In this method, light laser pulses are sent to the ground, which in this case especially led to the discovery of a vast area under the dense forest cover. The images depicted in this way from the Mayan settlement indicate that the lands cultivated by this people are much wider than previously thought, so that in some areas 95% of the land in Serving agricultural activities. According to Professor Marcello A konotou, the Mayans seemed to have used every inch of land for farming in ancient times. Widespread defensive fences and gully and extensive irrigation canals also represent highly organized activities in the distant past. The Mayans lived in the area between 1000 BC and 900 BC, and a small minority of the remaining generations still live in the area. In the discovered collection, there are about 60,000 unique foundations, including Maya halls, squares, and pyramids. According to scientists, unlike other ancient civilizations, whose works, including buildings and roads and roads, have gradually disappeared, the lush forest cover of the area has hid well structures and other works of Mayan civilization.

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The ancient city of Petra

The ancient city of Petra

10 Aug2018

The city of Petra or in Arabic, Alborta, is a wonderful city in Jordan, which in the past was the capital of the kingdom of the Nabats, which the Nabcans played in the formation of the Arabic script, and this line was later imitated by Iranians. Petra is 262 km from Oman, the capital of Jordan, and in the west there is a road between Oman and the port of Aqaba. The city has many wonders and wonders that have always been of interest to archaeologists and experts, and we continue to mention these wonders and wonders. The city was discovered in 1812 by a Swiss tourist named John Loderick, and has since attracted many people and has always been one of the seven wonders of the world, which still has a mysterious mystery. In the history of the people of the Jordanian people, there is a belief that the goblins helped build humans. In order to reach this amazing city, you have to cross the valleys and passageways where scientists created the cracks and seams. Earthquake. In the area of ​​Petra, there are ancient inscriptions, hundreds of halls and tombs, and even burial places, indicating that there was a widespread livelihood in that area. It has come to the fore that the city was very important for its presence on the Silk Road, and in addition to the rejection of the cities mentioned above as the connecting point of countries such as China, India, Greece and Syria Was known. In the historical material of Cambyses, Cyrus son, after his father's death, called himself the "Great King of the World," and invaded Egypt in order to conquer the city during the passage of the Jordanian desert. For some time, the city of Petra was in the hands of Iranians. The title of the center was the ancient artifacts of the world, and another time Khosrow, the king of Iran during the invasion of Rome captured this city, with this once again added the city to the government and the land of Iran, so in history, twice this city Captured by Iranians.

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Discovery of two thousand years old camel in the mountains of Arabia

Discovery of two thousand years old camel in the mountains of Arabia

10 Aug2018

Archaeologists in the central desert of Saudi Arabia discovered real-life camel carvings. Some of these embroidery pillars dating to two thousand years are dating. A group of French and Saudi archeologists in a region in the northwestern province of Govef, named "camels site", faced roles that were assessed both in terms of size and in terms of unprecedented quality. They say it's the first time that ancient carved robes of animals such as camels and horses are seen in real dimensions. On the other hand, the role of camel in other archeology of Saudi Arabia has been much seen, but this is the first time its carvings are observed. Researchers found the first signs of the existence of this ancient site in 2016 and 2017, they believe that the inhabitants of this region follow the ritual to have been private and have created a pattern for some kind of worship. They also believe that this worship is in vain, because the place where the robes are found is located in a distant place. Archaeologists say the Arabs are likely to take the rocky tradition from the Nabets and the Parthians. The ancient Nabatian people lived in some parts of Jordan and Palestine about two thousand years ago, and at that time they had a great influence on the lands around them. Another hypothesis of the scientists is that a group of Nabatians settled around the current Jaffa and carved these motifs on their rocks over their caravans.

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The discovery of human structures related to 176 thousand years ago

The discovery of human structures related to 176 thousand years ago

10 Aug2018

Unbelievable discovery, may question all that we knew about ancient humankind. The Brinkille Cave in the southwest of France was discovered in 1990. Around 336 meters from the entrance to this cave, and in its largest room, about 400 stalagmites, which are purposefully arranged, have been found. Stalagmite or abstract is a column of minerals from the bottom of the cave. The abstract underneath the name comes from the name of the abuser, and these two overlap with time and form a single pillar. The abstracts are found in two loops, one ellipse 4 in 7 meters and the other in a circle with a diameter of 2 meters. The rings, reaching a maximum height of 30 centimeters, have been retained in abstracts in the role of anchor and vertically. From the cavern floor slabs, there are signs of burns. Black and red surfaces that have been cracked by heat, and traces of burnt bone have also been found. After 26 years of discovering this cave, scientists now have new information on human civilization through this new find. In a study published last month in Nature, the age of these man-made structures was estimated to be 17,6500 years, by which account these pillars and circles are among the discovered works of the first man-made structures. According to the discoveries of scientists, these structures are related to Neanderthal man's time. The history of these complex structures suggests that this ancient community has been showing signs of modernity much earlier than scientists have imagined. Although these buildings are thought to have been used to carry out religious or symbolic ceremonies, the actual use of these structures remains unclear. These structures represent the level of organized socialization and the use of fire, which transcends our past understanding of human abilities at that time.

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The Colosseum, the Roman theater of bloody

The Colosseum, the Roman theater of bloody

10 Aug2018

The Colosseum, a theater Byzyvar in the center of Rome in Italy. This amphitheater was the largest of its kind in the ancient Roman Empire. The number of rows in the chair reaches fifty thousand and has 80 entrance doors. The word "colossus" means "great place" is another name for Flaviotic amphitheater. Construction of the Colosseum by Vespasian, Emperor of Rome was founded 69 to 70. Then his son Titus in 80 AD it was built, who eventually finished by Domitian brother Titus. The Colosseum was the first permanent and lasting amphitheater built in Rome on the boggy grounds between the Skylin and Kaelin hills. In this collection, the Roman Empire witnessed the heaviest crimes in the form of massacre of slaves and Christians. The bloody battles over the death and life of the gladiators were one of the daily hobbies of the emperors and Roman aristocrats. The historic date and glory of this mansion on the one hand, and its efficacy for performing the show and The possibility of controlling the population, on the other hand, made the hall one of the greatest architectural monuments of ancient Rome. The plan has an ellipse of 188 and 156 meters in diameter, and is under construction of about 6 acres. Its height is approximately as large as a 15-story building (about 48 meters). The floor of the scene is wooden and there is a collection of rooms and passages for the passage of wild animals and other preparations for the installation and performance of the show. A total of 80 walls are on the stage as anchor for dome arches, passages, stairs and seat rows. The outer edges of the arches consecutively connect the different classes and stairs between them. The interior of the Colosseum is located above the top three rows of dome arches on columns and columns, in the first columns of the Durik style, on the second floor of the Eunice style, and on the third floor of the genre, which is close to the Greek classical style، is used. It is due to the passage of an easy crowd and off the field, one of the masterpieces of engineering at the top of the three main categories, floor attic columns rectangular style Corinthian is the space between the columns with 40 small window rectangular filling is. At the top, there are wall trunks and trunks that hold the pins that the canopy hangs on them. In the construction of the mansion, the precision of many types of building materials used, for the foundation of concrete and for columns and arches of limestone (travertine), used in columns used for the bottom two-floor wall, a porous stone called Tufa Has been For the upper floors and most arches, concrete bricks have been used. The design of this great stadium is inspired by the Italian version of the five euro coins. In 1749, on the orders of the Pope, the 14th Colosseum was dedicated to the sufferings of Christ and placed stations called the Cross there and declared that the place was sanctified by the blood of Christian martyrs. In 1345 AD, the earthquake caused a lot of damage to the building and its material was used in other buildings in Rome. The Roman colossium, a building in which gladiators murdered rivals to save their lives, are tilting like the Pisa tower, and the southern part of the building is 40 cm below its northern part. Experts first became aware of this issue around the year of 2011, and closely monitored this two-thousand-year-old building.

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Reconstruction of the human face of chromiumonium

Reconstruction of the human face of chromiumonium

10 Aug2018

Reconstruction of the human face of chromiumonium; the cause of the cavity in the skull was discovered Scientists have succeeded 150 years after discovering the structure of a Cro-Magnon man (28,000 BC), rebuilding his face for scientific reasons for the presence of a cavity on his bone marrow. The skeleton representing a Homo sapiens, a modern man, was discovered in 1868 in a rocky sanctuary in southwestern France and then held at the Human Museum in Paris. In the forehead and in the right part of the skull, which is supposed to belong to a man of forty years old, the circular lesion was seen at 37 mm by 27 mm. The existence of this lesion was an amazing subject for research teams and no one was able to explain it. There were several assumptions about the cause of this cavity, including possible changes in the post-mortem bone due to the type of soil, the presence of this man during the lifetime of softness of the bone, actinomycosis, the occurrence of lumbar lumbar cystic bone histocytosis, and eventually gradual fall Water droplets in the cavern on the skull that over time has caused some holes in it. After many years, this skull was once again examined on the occasion of the anniversary of its discovery, in order to determine the cause of such damage in the forehead. As a result, Dr. Philipp Sharlieu, a pathologist and forensic expert in France, together with his research team, managed to rebuild the man's face with the help of modern medical technologies, including advanced scans. By rebuilding her face, it became clear that the Croatian man suffered from a skin lesions due to a genetic condition, not bone disease. In fact, his whole face was filled with nodules that was the result of Recklinghausen's disease, a disease that causes tumors under the skin and in the peripheral nervous system. Similar to the tumors of the forehead, it was also seen in the upper jaw and lower jaw and in the inner channel of the left ear of the man. Scientists have discovered 5 skeletons in the cave at the site of the discovery of this skeleton, which is supposed to have two skeletons belonging to children and three of the skeletons belonging to adults. They say that, despite the disease, the man was not expelled from the community, but was buried in the cave with others and along with other members of the community.

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Temple of Artemis

Temple of Artemis

10 Aug2018

Temple of Artemis in Turkey The Temple of Artemis is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was built in 550 BC in Turkey. The Temple of Artemis is now located near the Seljuk town and the monuments of Ales. The Temple of Artemis is located in Ephesus, about 50 km from the city of İzmir, Turkey. The Temple of Artemis is known as the most beautiful monument on earth, and is therefore amongst the wonders of Seven. However, the remains of this temple date back to the seventh century BC. But the path to the Temple of Artemis in the Seven Wonders is about around 550 BC. The Temple of Artemis, called the Great Marble Temple, was ordered by the King of the Shield, the Greek architect Chersiphron. The temple was decorated with bronze sculptures made by the most skilled sculptors of that time. Artists like Fiodias, Ploycleitus, Kresilas and Phradmon. Merchants, tourists, craftsmen and kings visited Temple of Artemis and expressed their respect by bringing different gifts. Recent archaeological research has led to the discovery of a number of these gifts, including artemis gold and ivory sculptures, beautiful earrings, bracelets, and necklaces made by craftsmen. History of the Temple of Artemis On the night of July 21, 365 BC, a man called Herostratus, burning the temple to immortalize his name, actually achieved his goal. Alexander the Great was born the same night. According to historian Plutarch, at that night Artemis was so involved in taking care of Alexander's birth that he could not protect his temple. After the conquest of Asia, Alexander rebuilt the Temple of Artemis, which was still in the building after his death in 323 BC. In the first century AD, when St.Petl traveled to Ephesus to propagate Christianity, they encountered a large number of Artemis followers who had no intention of abandoning their goddess. In 262 AD, the Temple of Artemis was destroyed by the Gothic Revolutionary Tribe. City residents swore to rebuild it. The Temple of Artemis lost its glory in the fourth century AD, when most of the inhabitants converted to Christianity. After the last invasion, which destroyed the Temple of Artemis in 401, the inhabitants of Dehsus left the city and the deserted city was discovered in the late 19th century. This exploration underlies Temple of Artemis. Temple of Artemis architecture Unlike some other examples of marble, Artemis Temple has its own quadrangle, and has a beautiful and decorative entrance to the large courtyard of the building. The marble staircase connected the ground floor to the tall balconies, with a floor of about 8 meters at 130 meters. 127 columns were used in the building of the Temple of Artemis, with a height of 20 meters and with Ionian headings and carved edges. Craftsmanship of the Temple of Artemis is in the form of a crossroads. The columns were arranged in regular rows in the whole area except the central area - the location of the goddess's house. Temple of Artemis contained a large number of works of art. Including 4 ancient bronze sculptures from the Amazon tribe made by the best artists of the era. When St. Paul came to see the city, the temple was decorated with golden columns and small silver sculptures and paintings. There is no evidence that there is a statue of Artemis in the center of the temple, but there is no reason for it to be absent.

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Clay army

Clay army

9 Aug2018

In 1947, a farmer was digging a well in Shaanxi Province, which suddenly hits this huge army. Thousands of Trakota army Tracota stood in front of the tomb of Chi Shi Hwan, the first king of China to protect him in his post-death life. This discovery for archeologists represents an unprecedented humanism and extensive views of the emperor. The previous rulers were often required to put the equipment needed to live in a coffin after death. Although the army has been found for over 60 years, experts have yet to discover the emperor's tomb. Pottery and pottery, one of the oldest handicrafts of mankind, has a long history in China, but on March 29, 1974, when a number of Shaan Shi farmers in the Shi'ah area intended to dig water well, they did not know that With the greatest treasure of this art, the art will be located exactly one and a half kilometers away from China's Shi Hwan tomb. A treasure consisting of a statue of thousands of soldiers, horses, chariots and cavalry. In the logic of its object, before the discovery of the enormous treasury of the Pottery Museum, pottery works have always been observed, but the magnitude and magnitude of the discovery at that time was marred with great surprise. In this huge collection, there are 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots, 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses in real sizes. Since the army is located near the shrine of Shi Hwan, it is thought that all of them belong to a set. The myths also indicate that the emperor of China, Shi Hwan, believed that after death, would once again become famous again, and at that time there would be a need for an army to conquer the earth, and therefore ordered the construction of these statues to be near His mausoleum. In the writings of Sima Chian, a Chinese historian who lived between 145 and 90 BC, the construction of this tomb and its statues from 246 BC and when China was very young, Began. According to him, 700 thousand workers participated in the construction of this tomb. As it was recorded in history, pottery statues were exposed to the sixth century after the death of the first emperor, the Shi Huwan, and attracted many enthusiasts, especially since the tombs and statues had a great splendor, but after this Time was ordered to be buried in this magnificent building. As a result, the place where once palaces, towers, ramparts, the tomb and the pottery army existed suddenly completely disappeared from memories and replaced with a putative pyramid that contained the whole collection. Of course, the main tomb has not yet been removed from the underground. Because there is concern that its precious objects are damaged. For example, paintings drawn on pottery sculptures began to crumble and pour out after exploration over time. For this reason, it is anticipated that similar paintings in the tomb would only disappear just 4 minutes after exploration in the vicinity of the dry air. Accordingly, the Chinese government does not allow anyone to visit the area, and only a few foreign officials such as Queen Elizabeth have been able to visit this collection, and only a few photos and videos from the collection are public. According to the data provided, this set consists of 4 main courses. The first crashways, located 7 meters below the ground, are 230 meters long and 62 meters wide and consist of 11 smaller corridors. There are 6,000 potters in this room. The second is dedicated to chariots and soldiers, who are supposed to be soldiers of the Royal Guard. In the third round, senior officers are also seen. But the fourth one is completely empty, and the builders seem to have left it half-finished. Except for the clay objects, weapons such as sword, spear, helmet and armor have also been discovered in the collection. Some swords are still quite winning. One of the interesting things for archaeologists in this series is the chariots.

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The discovery of the remains of 85 thousand years of such "Hvmvsapyn" in Saudi Arabia

The discovery of the remains of 85 thousand years of such "Hvmvsapyn" in Saudi Arabia

9 Aug2018

The discovery of the remains of 85 thousand years of such "Hvmvsapyn" in Saudi Arabia​ The discovery of the first fossil remains of humankind (Homo Sapin) in Saudi Arabia has challenged the dominant theory of the migration of modern humans from the African continent. Scientists have discovered fo ssil remains of the finger of a "homosapine" in the desert peninsula in northern Arabia have became. According to scientists, the remains of the discovered belongs to a ne w human being living in this region 85,000 years ago. Each time the fossil bone is found is only 3.2 centimeters, this bone is one of the oldest discovered fossils Homo Sapin is outside the African continent. The report, published by the researchers on the discovery of these fossil remnants, challenges the "exit from Africa" ​​theory of the origins of modern humans. According to this theory, modern humans, originally from the African continent, emigrated to another part of the world about 60,000 years ago in a wave. The discovery of fossil remains in the Arabian Peninsula reinforces the hypothesis that the modern man migrated from the African continent 20 to 25 thousand years earlier than previously thought. Moreover, it seems that this migration has not been overnight and has gradually taken place. Scientists believe that the Sahara penetration, which today is a completely dry region, has been lake and meadow in the past. That justifies the human presence of Homo Sapin in the area. According to scientists, the monsoon rains at that time turned the Arabian Peninsula into an area full of lakes and rivers. Before discovering the fossils of modern humans, more than 800 fossils were found in the desert. Among the animals whose fossil remains have been discovered in this place are deer, blue horses and wild cows.

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Archaeological findings of 2017

Archaeological findings of 2017

9 Aug2018

Discover the remains of the Roman city of Neopliz underwater Archaeologists, after years of trying to find the ancient city of Neoplace, discovered the remains of this vast 1700-year-old residence on the coast of the country of Tunisia. According to Roman historian Amyana Marcelinus, the city of Neoplays went down under the tsunami in the fourth century BC. This natural disaster caused heavy damage to the city of Alexandria in today's Egypt and the Greek island of Crete. Little information is available from the city of Neoplius, because its inhabitants advocated Carthage in the third and final Roman rallies (149-146 BC), but eventually the Romanization of the cathode blockade led to the complete destruction of the city and, with the end of the war, Independent Carthage was abandoned, and this city was controlled by the Romans. Discover the remains of the old temple of Aztecs and the playground Researchers in archeology discovered a circular temple in 2017 that was inspired by the Aztec goddess. This temple was found behind the Roman-dominated Church of Mexico in the heart of Mexico, which was built between 1486 and 1502 under the rule of the king Ahoizutl before the "second mouquetum" of the second King of the Aztec Empire. Only part of this healthy playground consists of the stairs and the section is the seat of the spectators. It is estimated that this playground was 50 meters long. Temporary Residences belonging to the Vikings The discovery of a massive temporary settlement of the thousands of Vikings that was preparing for the conquest of England in the late 19th century is also another important finding of archeology in 2017. This settlement, built on the banks of the Trent river, has been used as a strategic and defensive site during the months of the Vikings. The mysterious empty space inside the Great Pyramid of Giza By using modern technology and gadgets, mainly used in particle physics experiments, scientists discovered that there was an empty space in this ancient structure, by examining the Pyramid of Giza, the largest pyramid in Egypt. This discovered and unknown chamber is the first major structure discovered in the 19th century in the 4500-year-old pyramid. Permanent exhibition of the dead on the old hill Kobakli Tape is one of the most mysterious archaeological sites that is known as the oldest place of worship and religious practices. The inhabitants of the area now on the Syria-Turkey border between the 10th and 8th millennia BC built large, circular structures with standing stones used for religious ceremonies and social gatherings. Archaeologists, using microscopic studies, found that skulls of the deceased were likely to be permanently displayed on these structures. This is the first evidence of how the inhabitants of Kobakli Hill are dealing with the dead. They displayed the dead bodies of their dead or their enemies in these special places. Discovering 17 mummies over a thousand years Egyptian archaeologists have discovered 17 dead mummies in their thousands, presumably from officials and pastors. Scientists have discovered amazingly 17 undiscovered mummies in a cave located in Minya Province, 250 kilometers south of Cairo, in a cemetery discovered at an altitude of 8 meters, in addition to mummies that are often in a healthy condition. , Calcareous caskets, coffins for animals and papyrus, engraved with the hieroglyphs line. Discover a mysterious room in the ancient Greek tombs The Greek archaeologists who had been drilling in the Amphibole region for about 65 km from the city of Thessaloniki and arrived at important findings, found themselves in their most recent excavation in an ancient grave filled with dirt and reddish paintings on the walls. Was carved. The room was discovered behind the sculpture that was previously discovered. Archaeologists have discovered two monumental Sphinxes at the entrance to the tomb and, by removing the rocky walls and walls, are trying to approach the grave and identify the identity of the person buried there. The grave dating back to four centuries BC, and according to some speculation, the tomb may belong to Roxana, Alexander's wife, Alexander, mother or one of his closest friends. The discovery of the 100,000 year old human primates The remains of the early humans, including Neanderthals, were discovered only in a small number of sites in Europe and Asia, which for a long time had disappointed archaeologists. With this jade this year, researchers announced a new way of detecting the presence of human beings based on genetic effects in the caves. Accordingly, a team of archaeologists examined cave deposits in seven areas of France, Belgium, Spain, Croatia and Russia, and found that the Neanderthals' DNA returned to 60,000 years ago in three enclosures, and the DNA found in the Denisova cave in Russia was more than 100 Thousands of years old.

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Ten cities lost in history

Ten cities lost in history

30 Jun2018

City of patagonia The city of Patagonia was built on the continent of the United States and between Chile and Argentina, the forgotten city, which, according to many adventurers and historians rich in gold and diamonds, is known in the minds of many renowned scholars. And so far groups of Patagonian mysteries have discovered ways to This area has been. Although many archaeologists of the city have long been built by survivors of a commercial ship owned by Spain, and many treasures remain in the city, there is not much information about the exact location of this city, and many groups For those who have been tempted to find these treasures to these cities, they have been mysteriously accused and standing on the undisclosed grounds, which is why many have named it the city of ghosts. The secrets and of course the treacherous temptation of this forgotten city have made Patagonia the first missing city in our list. Tru city The town of Thoranam is well known to all and reminds us of the famous legend of Troy, the city was built in present-day Turkey near the Scamander River. The most important feature of the construction area of ​​this city was its construction site at its time. The city, built on a cliff top, had the best possible defense against enemies. Although little remains of the city are still present, the story of this city is said to be chest, and this narrative represents the city's very rich civilization in the past. The remnants of this city were discovered in 1870, and were long insured by tourists, except for a few stone corridors and a number of water networks that were unsurpassed at the time. The Lost City of Gold The Missing City of Gold The lost golden city is one of the most mysterious cities to be forgotten, since, in addition to being hidden, it has hidden many secrets in its hearts. It is located on the east coast of Lake Kuhikugu, Brazil, about 1500 years ago by the natives of the Amazon region. The lost city of gold is not a city but a region of 20 cities, but according to experts, after a lot of investigations, residents of this area have been destroyed by an epidemic suddenly and an empty city, but the highly developed civilizations of the main inhabitants The city, such as bridges, tunnels and other equipment discovered in this historic city, has still attracted many researchers to unravel the mysteries of the area. The Lost City of Gold was first discovered in 1753 by a Portuguese explorer. Stone city of Petra The Petrashra stone town of Petra, now known as one of the main destinations of tourism in the country, has been able to attract attention with its secrets and its type of engineering. The city remained unknown until 1812. It has been registered since 1985 as the UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered one of the most valuable human heritage in the world. The stone city of Petra, which used to be the capital of the nabataeans in the 6th century BC, has long been tired of the caravan resting place and has a reputation and importance among travelers. With its rich engineering history, the city has provided many amenities to travelers. Its irrigation system, which was flooded with a permanent stream of the city, is the wonders of the city. According to many experts in the stone city of Petra, it was destroyed by the great earthquakes in 363 AD, leaving only very few remnants of it today. Pyatti city The city of Pyatti is one of the legendary cities of the Inca era, which today has many rumors and mysteries for its name. According to many archaeologists, the city located in the south of the United States of America has rich sources of gold and silver and, of course, has a treasure trove in its heart. The vast resources of gold and silver have made the inhabitants of the city use gold to make all the necessary items, such as clothes, kitchen utensils, and put up many documents of their history for today. The legendary city, located in the northern part of Peru, in the heart of the forested masses of the continent, was discovered in 1600. Some archaeologists believe that the main map of the city and its precise location for material reasons have been kept secret by the Vatican for a long time. The lost city was far away from the main place of life of the Incas in the region, and it has been of particular importance to the rich sources of gold in it. A number of objects discovered in the area are currently being held at the Bogota Museum in Columbia, and an approximate location for this city was discovered by a group of soldiers in 1541, but no exact indication of its exact location yet. The manifestation 100812059426 The ancient city of Minfis has been familiar to all since the distant past. The city, dating back to 3000 BC, is considered to be the capital of ancient Egypt and, given the powerful empire of ancient Egypt, has a special significance for our ancestors and our associates. The city of Minfis has provided archaeologists with very rich and historically valuable resources, and, according to the city's history and wonders, many archaeologists are still investigating the unknown city, whose beauty and magnificence are still the main attraction of tourism in present-day Egypt. Is. The political and economic significance of this city in the past made the wars and battles that took place in this place subject to many books and films. Pompeii city The city of Pompeii, the lost city of Pompeii, is located in Italy, where it can be called the gray city. The Pompei, located near the city of Naples, Italy, has become completely ashed and destroyed due to the active volcano in the area, but the catastrophe created a landscape that is nowadays used as a tourist attraction. As a result of this incident, 20,000 residents of the city suddenly turned into ashes, leaving nothing but stone sculptures that were actually the same inhabitants of the city. The city, discovered in 1749, has been the site of a great deal of archaeologists and annually attracts about 300,000 tourists to their remnants. According to expert estimates, the city of 79 AD was lost due to the accident. Experts say that because of the high temperature of volcanic lava, many of the city's works have suddenly become stoned and therefore have provided us with good and good information for our time.

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China Wall

China Wall

30 Jun2018

China's wall, built about 2000 years ago, is the longest man made. The Chinese wall is a symbol of China's national culture, national heritage and resistance, as well as a corner of China's sophisticated creativity and architecture. Chinese Great Wall Name: 长城 (Chángchéng / channg-chnng / 'Long Wall') China Wall Construction Area: North China China wall length: 6000 km The Great Wall of China dates back over 2000 years China's large wall is now 6,000 kilometers. Perhaps it is not believable, but it is generally believed that the initial length of the Chinese wall was 50,000 kilometers, which, over the centuries, has changed significantly and damaged to a great extent. The Great Wall of China was built around 2000 years ago, 221 BC. Most of what remains of the wall of China today was built during the Ming dynasty between the years 1368 to 1644. It is believed that the stone wall of China was first laid in 221 BC under the command of the Emperor Xin. Until then, other governments had built their defensive walls, but the emperor Shin was looking to tie the walls together to prevent the attack from the North invaders. So he ordered the wall to be built for a kilometer. Most parts of the original wall are no longer there today. After the Emperor Shin, the other dynasties each helped build and expand the Great Wall of China. The Ming Dynasty (1644-68), during a major reconstruction project, extended the length of China's wall to 6,000 kilometers. Can you imagine how difficult the construction of such a building had during that period? What techniques did the workers use at the time to build the wall on sloping slopes? How do they carry rocks of that weight to the wall of the building? What we know is that the great wall of China is made of stone, dirt, sand and brick, and workers have used it to make it, rope and basket. The height of the wall of China: The height of the Great Wall of China is 25 feet and its width varies between 15 and 30 feet. China's Great Wall: The height of the tower and the walls of the wall is 1.8 meters and its feet are about 1.2 meters high. Side wall towers: Every 500 meters is a tower along the wall. These lateral towers are used as a barricade of soldiers. Chinese castle fortresses: These castles are made in the most vulnerable parts of the wall, including the Shanghai fortress, the Joyung crossing castle and Jiao Passage Castle. Along the wall there are many windows that soldiers used to shoot them. Also, the castle chambers are considered to be the most unoccupied points of the Great Wall The Great Wall of China has a number of clock towers and a castle where soldiers could take shelter there and store their ammunition and supplies there. Due to its special structure, the watchman could easily transmit emergency messages along the wall. There were also special weapons on the Chinese wall, used to defend the country against the invaders, and today they are being replaced. Experts believe that about 1 million soldiers were able to simultaneously be stationed along the Chinese wall! The Great Wall of China has been built over many years. It is believed that the construction of the main wall lasted more than 20 years. And the time it took to build the wall during the Ming hierarchy also lasted about 200 years. The work of completing and developing the Great Wall of China was largely carried out during the Ming Dynasty, and since then, since 1644, there has not been much work on this. Today, tourists and tourists from many parts of the world travel to China to visit this huge building. The statistics show that around 70000 tourists visit the Great Wall of China daily. Over the years, thousands of people have been working to build the wall. At the time of the Emperor Shin, it seems that about 300,000 soldiers and 500,000 ordinary people were involved in building the main wall of China. Many workers have lost their lives during the construction of the wall, and archaeologists have found many of the remnants in parts of the China Wall.

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